The wax is formed into “scales” by eight wax-producing glands in the abdominal segments 4 through 7 of worker bees, who discard it in or at the hive ,for the construction of honeycombs.
The wax is produced by young bees after fermentation and mixing with the secretions of the salivary glands.
The wax that is used by bees to cover rippen honey, has antibiotic substances that help the maintainance and maturityof the honey.
It is produced by melting honeycombs and chippings during harvest.
The most important fields of use of wax are the cosmetic industries. Several antiperspirants and sticks containing wax.
It is also used in local anesthetics, in air fresheners, in toothpastes, in sunscreen oils, in shaving creams, in facial and body creams, in facial masks and for the production of salves.
The addition of wax in cosmetics and creams improves their quality because it increases its consistency because of the fatty acid reaction of the wax with stearyl alcohol.
One of the best uses of wax is in varnishes for parquet, flooring, furniture and cars.
It is the best material for making candles compared with paraffin or other fats because it is composed of carbon and oxygen and burns completely without leaving residues.
It is edible, in the sense of having similar negligible toxicity to plant waxes, and is approved for food use in the European Union under the E number E901.
Beekeepers use it to manufacture honeycomb sheets.